Information on Cervical Cancer Vaccine
Cervical cancer is the cancer of the cervix, the mouth or the opening of the womb. The cells in the cervix undergo a series of changes over the years and turn into cancerous cells, which can be benign or malignant. Early detection of changes in the cervix cells can be done with the help of regular Pap smear tests which help to treat and cure cancer in the earlier stages. In the United States, about 12,710 new cases of cervix cancer are discovered each year, and about 4,290 of these women die of this malignancy. Although much rarer, anal, oral, and penile cancers, like cervical cancer and cancer of the vagina and vulva, are caused by human papilloma virus (HPV).
Cervical cancer occurs due to the virus called Human Papilloma virus (HPV) which can be transmitted sexually. Women carry a greater risk of infection if they are sexually active with multiple partners without any protection. There have many developments in the field of vaccine for HPV which have made cancer totally curable. Vaccines for cancer are recommended to girls of the age from 9 to 26 before they become sexually active so that they do not get or spread HPV to future partners.
It is also a question whether boys should also be vaccinated against HPV. The vaccine not only reduces HPV risk but also reduces the risk of developing non-cancerous penile and anal cancers and genital warts, which are rarer than cervical cancer. Annually, about 5,820 new cases of anal cancer are discovered, and 3,680 of them are in women.
Cervical cancer vaccines can prevent the fear and costs related to the usual pap tests and it can save lives. HPV can cause cancer of the vagina, vulva, anus and also the head and neck, and genital, plantar and common warts. Regular screening from the age of 21 and regular condom use can reduce the risk. Vaccines are the most effective in girls who have not yet been exposed to various HPV types and hence early age is the best time for vaccination, or before they become sexually active. This cancer often affects women in their reproductive years and hampers the ability of child bearing so it is better to have vaccination in early age. Further queries can also be solved with the help of online doctors.
The safety of vaccines has never been a problem as, there are no live viruses and hence they are extremely safe. Common side effects may be soreness or redness and sometimes headache and fever may also occur. Fever and OTC medications may help to relieve from these effects. New medications are always monitored by public health and regulatory authorities and so vaccines are safe and reliable.