Breast Cancer – A Deadly Disease
The world frightens with this word – cancer. Actually what is a cancer? Cancer is actually a condition where our body cells display uncontrolled growth, a growth in excess which is not required for a human body. This unusual growth becomes more dangerous when it gets transmitted to other parts of the body through lymph or blood. In most cases with cancer the patient develops a tumor. Cancer takes a death toll of around 13% of the world population annually and still there is no concrete treatment of cancer. Yah the chances of it getting treated are higher if it is detected at an early stage. Breast cancer is one such breed of cancer which strikes around 10% of the women annually around the globe.
Breast cancer instigates from breast tissue arising from inner linings of milk ducts or lobules which supply milk to the ducts. Ductal carcinomas and lobular carcinomas are the names given to cancer originating from ducts and lobules respectively. This cancers are caused by two sex hormones- estrogen and progesterone. This type of cancer can be treated with surgery or by medication with a drug called tamoxifen that stops the production of these hormones but damages ovaries and hence ends fertility. Low risk hormone sensitive breast cancers can be treated by hormonal therapy, chemotherapy and radiation.
Breast cancer comprises different stages. The stages are determined by the fact whether the tumor has spread to the lymph nodes in the armpits and by its size and its coverage range. If the cancer has already spread to a larger part of the body then the cancer might already have reached stage 4 which is incurable. If the metastasize is small and the prognosis is not that much worse then the cancer is between stage 1-3. This stage is considered as early cancer and potentially curable as well. Stage 0 shows a marker or is often a pre-malignant disease.
Breast cancer shows its symptoms with an abnormal appearance of lump which is different from the rest of the breast tissue. Studies have shown that around 80% of this cancers are diagnosed when the women feels a lump. This form of cancer also shows certain signs of changes in the shape and size of breast, skin dimpling, nipple inversion or impulsive single nipple discharge. Breast pain cannot be considered an out-and-out symptom of cancer as this might be due to other breast problems.
Breast cancer occurs highest in the women of United States and so it is the most feared disease in America. More than forty thousand deaths occur annually with breast cancer. Around the world a women dies every 13 minutes because of this disease. But there is a sign of relief since ninety six percent of women who find and treat breast cancer early will be completely cancer free in 5 years time. No one is too young to develop breast cancer so women are suggested to check their breast at regular intervals by the time they reach the age of twenty.