What is Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer is a malignant cancer of the cervix uteri or cervical area. It has been found that the Human Papilomavirus (HPV) Infection is a the cause for approximately 70% all cervical cancer. Other co-factors are HIV infections, chlamyudia infection, dietary factors, hormonal contraceptions, multiple pregnancies, expose to the hormonal drug diethylstilbestrol and a family history of cervical cancer.
There is now a vaccine called gaurdasil to help prevent HPV. HPV is an infection caused by having many sexual partners or having a partner that has had many sexual partners. There are more than 250 types of HPV, of these 15 are classified as high-risk types.
How do you lower your risk for cervical cancer?
1. yearly pap smear screening can identify potentially precancerous changes. It is important to do yearly check ups as the symptoms of early stages of cervical cancer may be asymptomatic.
2. get vaccinated
3. use safe sex practices
4. healthy diet and vitamins to keep your immune system in good working order
What are the symptoms of cervical cancer
1. vaginal bleeding – contact bleeding or a vaginal mass (rarely) may indicate cervical cancer
2 painful sexual intercourse
3 vaginal discharge
In advanced disease metastases may be present in the abdomen, lungs, or elsewhere. Symptoms of advanced cervical cancer may include loss of appetite, weight loss, fatigue, pelvic pain, back pain, leg pain, single swollen leg, heavy bleeding from the vagina, leaking of urine or feces from the vagina and bone fractures.
Treatment of cervical cancer will depend on which stage you are diagnosed with and you should discuss with your doctor the pros and cons of the treatment. Find out all about your treatment options and the side effects of those treatments so you will know what you will need help with.