Cervical Cancer Treatments – Surgery, Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy
Cervical cancer is deadly and every woman who is especially active in sexual intercourses is more at risk. This is because it is indirectly caused by ‘STD’ (sexually transmitted diseases), resulting in the ‘HPV’ (the virus responsible for causing cervical cancers). There are many treatments available, however, depending on the stages of the cancer.
First treatment would be surgery. There are two types of surgeries to be performed. The first is called cone biopsy. What the doctor does in this surgery is removing a cone-shaped piece of tissue from the cervical canal to identify cancerous cells. This treatment is for cancer detection, microscopically. Secondly, we have the hysterectomy. Hysterectomy is a surgery that removes the uterus and sometimes, the cervix as well. There are two ways to remove the uterus; from the vagina and through the abdomen. If the cancer has spread, the surgery might call for removal of the ovaries, fallopian tubes and tissue nearby these organs. A radical hysterectomy can be performed on patients with localised cancers of the cervix. Patients with cervical cancer would be best treated by a gynaecological oncologist.
Radiation therapy also works and is usually given to inoperable cancers or as an adjuvant in conjunction with chemotherapy. Its response rate is favourable and is actually quite well tolerated. Side effects, which can include diarrhoea, irritable bladder, nausea and vaginal bleeding and soreness, can be controlled using medication and other simple steps.
Lastly, chemotherapy is usually used together with radiotherapy and shows better results when compared to giving radiotherapy alone. Chemotherapy may be given solely in situations where patients have advanced cervical cancer.